Natural Resource engineering
What is Natural Resource engineering ?
Progress of a society to a large extent depends on the resources available for its various needs. In the context of India, owing to its large population, demands on natural resources are increasing and it is essential that these resources are scientifically managed using contemporary techniques for their exploration and eco-friendly exploitation.
Natural resources are naturally occurring substances that are considered valuable in their relatively unmodified (natural) form. A commodity is generally considered a natural resource when the primary activities associated with it are extraction and purification, as opposed to creation. Thus, mining, petroleum extraction, fishing, and forestry are generally considered natural-resource industries, while agriculture is not. Natural resources are often classified into renewable and non-renewable resources. Renewable resources are generally living resources (fish, coffee, and forests, for example), which can restock (renew) themselves if they are not over-harvested. Renewable resources can restock themselves and be used indefinitely if they are used sustainably. Once renewable resources are consumed at a rate that exceeds their natural rate of replacement, the standing stock will diminish and eventually run out...