What is Geomorphology ?
The mystic Himalayas, awesome Niagara Falls, pristine Artic and Antarctica, mighty Grand Canyon …. have you ever analysed how these landforms and processes came into existence ? A study of erosion and deposition by rivers, glaciers, landslides, wind, and shoreline processes. will give you an understanding of how the surface of the Earth got to be the way it is, and how it is changing. For example, mountain valleys carved by glaciers are significantly different than those carved by rivers.
Geomorphology is the study of landforms and landscapes, including the description, classification, origin, development, and history of planetary surfaces. During the early part of this century, the study of regional-scale geomorphology was termed “physiography”. Unfortunately, physiography also became synonymous with physical geography, and the concept became embroiled in controversy surrounding the appropriate concerns of that discipline. A conflicting trend among geographers was to equate physiography with “pure morphology,” divorced of its geological heritage. In the period following World War II, the emergence of process, climatic, and quantitative studies led to a preference by many Earth scientists for the term...